Hajj/Pilgrimage

Hajj (Pilgrimage)

The word “Hajj” means that “to set for a place”. For Muslims it additionally means that the annual pilgrim's journey to Mecca they need to create a minimum of once in their life.

The hajj is associate degree annual Islamic pilgrim's journey to Mecca, and a compulsory non secular duty for Muslims that has got to be distributed a minimum of once in their period of time by all adult Muslims WHO area unit physically and financially capable of enterprise the journey, and might support their family throughout their absence. It’s one amongst the 5 pillars of Islam, aboard witness, Salat, Zakat, and Sawm. The gathering throughout hajj is taken into account the biggest annual gathering of individuals within the world. The state of being physically and financially capable of acting the hadj is termed istitaah, and a Muslim WHO fulfills this condition is termed a mustati. The hajj may be a demonstration of the commonality of the Muslim folks, and their submission to God (Allah). The word hajj suggests that "to intend a journey", that connotes each the outward act of a journey and therefore the inward act of intentions.

The pilgrim's journey happens from the eighth to twelfth of Dhu al-Hijjah, the last month of the Moslem calendar. as a result of the Muslim calendar is satellite and therefore the Islamic year is regarding eleven days shorter than the Gregorian year, the Gregorian date of hajj changes from year to year. Ihram is that the names given to the special non secular state within which pilgrims wear 2 white sheets of seamless textile and abstain from sure things.

The hajj is related to the lifetime of Islamic prophet Muhammad from the seventh century; however the ritual of pilgrim's journey to Mecca is taken into account by Muslims to stretch back thousands of years to the time of patriarch. throughout hajj, pilgrims be a part of processions of many thousands of individuals, WHO at the same time converge on Mecca for the week of the hajj, and perform a series of rituals: everyone walks counter-clockwise seven times round the Kaba (the cubic  building and therefore the direction of prayer for the Muslims), runs back and forth between the hills of Al-Safa and Al-Marwah, drinks from the Zamzam Well, goes to the plains of Mount solon to square in vigil, spends an evening within the plain of Muzdalifa, and performs symbolic lapidating of the devil by throwing stones at 3 pillars. The pilgrims then shave their heads, perform a ritual of animal sacrifice, and celebrate the 3 day international competition of Eid al-Adha.

Pilgrims may also head to Mecca to perform the rituals at different times of the year. This can be typically known as the "lesser pilgrimage", or Um-rah. However, notwithstanding they favor to perform the Um-rah, they're still duty-bound to perform the hajj at another purpose in their period of time if they need the suggestion that to try to thus.

"Thousands, if not millions, of individuals on the roads, moving across the country to get to Mecca." -Hillary Clinton on Asian nation


The pilgrims begin inward by air, sea, and land throughout the weeks before the journey amount. They typically arrive into city, Saudi Arabia, the main port town nearest to Makkah (45 miles distance). From there they travel with their hajj cluster to Makkah. As they approach Makkah, they stop at one amongst the selected areas to shower and alter consumer goods, getting into a state of devotion and purity for the journey. They then begin reciting AN invocation:

Here I am, Oh God, at your command!
Here I’m at your command!
You are while not associate!
Here I’m at your command!
To your all praise, grace and dominion!
You are while not associate!


History


The Kaaba

According to Muslims the pilgrim's journey and its several rituals come back from God, the Muslim god. Patriarch was entrusted by God to make the Kaaba, or the House of God. Patriarch came to Mecca to perform pilgrim's journey each year, and once he died his son did identical. Gradually the Kaaba became lined with paintings and poems and crammed and encircled with idols, and pagans had modified the rituals God had set. Then Muhammad was born, and he'd reinstated the rites of the pilgrim's journey.

Preparation

Muslims carrying Ihram

Muslims square measure expected to be in an exceedingly state of “Ihram” before they create the pilgrim's journey. Ihram may be a state of non secular purity. To enter a state of Ihram pilgrims wash themselves, and men might trim their hair and cut their nails.
Pilgrims historically wear a white, seamless, two-piece garment, additionally referred to as Ihram. Whereas carrying it Muslims cannot shave, clip their nails, fight, and wear fragrance, Wash their hair with shampoo, wear gloves or socks, or uproot trees. If they do, even though they did it inadvertently or forgot, they letter of the alphabet sacrifice associate animal or provide almsgiving to form up for it.
  

Miqats

If the pilgrim is not in an exceedingly state of Ihram they cannot pass the Miqats, sure spots a ways from Mecca. The Miqats square measure Dhu'l-Hulayfah, Juhfa, Qarn al-Manazil, Dhat Irq, and Yalamlam.


Rites

Once the pilgrim has entered Ihram, they will begin the rites.

Day of solon

Mount solon was the location of Muhammad's last sermon, and pilgrims come back to hope until sunset. Pilgrims continue from Mount solon to Muzdalifah, wherever they pay the night and collect pebbles for subsequent day's rites. They’re going to keep in Muzdalifah until before sunrise.

Eid Day

Pilgrims head to mynah bird to symbolically stone the devil. They throw seven stones at Jamarat, the most important of 3 columns. The spot in mynah bird wherever the columns square measure is believed to be wherever the devil gave the impression to attempt to convert patriarch to decline God and not sacrifice his son. In line with the story patriarch afraid he away by throwing stones. They follow this by sacrificing associate animal, representing however God replaced Abraham's son with a ram to sacrifice instead.

Afterward, pilgrims trim or shave their hair and alter out of their Ihram wear. Several still Mecca to circle the Kaba seven times and walk seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwa before heading back to mynah bird.

Mina

The pilgrims pay the last days of the pilgrim's journey in mynah bird. day after day they symbolically stone the devil once more, however this point they throw seven pebbles at every of the 3 columns. Then they circle the Kaba one last time before exploit.

Medina

Some pilgrims head to Medina once finishing the pilgrim's journey. There they will visit the graves of Muhammad and his highest companions.


Women Pilgrims

In times there square measure lots a lot of Muslim girl’s playacting the pilgrim's journey then before. However, they are not allowed to form the pilgrim's journey while not a guardian and their visa may even be denied if they do not have one. This can be as a result of Muhammad reportedly aforementioned "No lady ought to travel except in company of a (Mahram)". By Mahram he meant a husband or buddy to safeguard and accompany the lady. Currently it is also even by Muslims as a result of their square measure folks who'd profit of a girl traveling on her own. Also, within the Prophet's house of worship there is not the maximum amount area for ladies to hope, and girls pilgrims got to get there early to seek out a spot.


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